Animation History 2011 PPT



This is a short film that was directed by the French animation collective H5, François Alaux, Hervé de Crécy + Ludovic Houplain. It was presented at the Cannes Film Festival 2009. It opened the 2010 Sundance Film Festival and won a 2010 academy award under the category of animated short.

In this film there are two pieces of licensed music, in the beginning and in the end. All the other music and sound design are original. The opening track (Dean Martin “Good Morning Life”) and closing track (The Ink Spots “I don’t want to send the world on fire”) songs are licensed pre-existing tracks. All original music and sound design is by, human (


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The History of Animation Before Disney

By Jason Chavis,

The History of  Animation Before Disney 

The History of Animation Before Disney


Animation and cartoons had a long history before Disney. While Disney itself revolutionized the future of animation, a number of technological innovations and creators were the first to explore the concept of animation. The most notable advance in animation technology was the invention of the motion picture, which allowed animators to more easily expose their work to the public.



    Early Technology

  1. The earliest forms of animation were the zoetrope and the flip book. Both the zoetrope and the flip book gave the viewer the illusion of movement when operated by a user. A zoetrope was a cylinder that spun with pictures inside that could be viewed through slits. A flip book is a small book with pictures on each page, which appear to move as the pages are flipped.
  2. Fantasmagorie

  3. With the advent of motion picture technology, a director named Emile Cohl photographed 700 drawings into an animated feature. Called “Fantasmagorie,” the film was released in 1908.
  4. Gertie the Dinosaur

  5. In 1914, the first major animated film was released. Called “Gertie the Dinosaur” and directed by Windsor McCay, the film pioneered the technology known as keyframe. Keyframe uses a combination of timing along with specific movements to create fluidity to the viewer.
  6. Felix the Cat

  7. Felix the Cat became the first cartoon star in the early 1920s, invented by Pat Sullivan and Otto Messmer. In addition to short films, Felix the Cat was the first cartoon character to be merchandised to a variety of different mediums and product lines.
  8. Rotoscope

  9. Max Fleischer created the character of Koko the Clown using a device he developed called a rotoscope. A rotoscope allows animators to trace over frames of live-action film. Due to the fluid motion of live-action frames, rotoscope technology brought the illusion of even greater fluidity with the animation.

Read more: The History of Animation Before Disney |

Dr Who? The First Cartoon Character

Mark Bryant discovers the world’s first cartoon character, who sold large numbers of books, and all manner of merchandising.

Frontispiece for  the first edition of The Tour of Dr Syntax (1812) (Park Art)
Many people, faced with the question ‘Who was the first popular fictional cartoon character?’ might assume this to be Walt Disney’s Mickey Mouse, created in 1927. However, before Mickey came Bonzo the Dog and Felix the Cat, and earlier still were Ally Sloper and Max and Moritz (both from the 1860s), Brown, Jones and Robinson of Punch (1850s) and Honoré Daumier’s Ratapoil (1830s). However, it is now generally acknowledged that the first ever popular fictional cartoon character was created in 1809 – more than a century before Mickey Mouse. A scrawny and eccentric elderly clergyman/schoolmaster, he was hugely successful, spawning many imitators and even creating the first ever market for tie-in merchandise. His name was Dr Syntax and he was the creation of a distinguished British artist who celebrates the 250th anniversary of his birth this year and who is perhaps better known for his topographical watercolours, portraits and political cartoons: Thomas Rowlandson (1757-1827).
Rowlandson was born on July 13th, 1757, in Old Jewry, near the Bank of England in the City of London, the oldest child of a wool and silk merchant who was declared bankrupt when Thomas was aged two. He and his younger sister Elizabeth were brought up by their child­less uncle James, a prosperous silk weaver, and his French Huguenot wife Jane. After his uncle’s death Thomas’s aunt sold the business and moved to Soho. Here Thomas attended the famous ….

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